Basic English Course

Basic English Course

Basic English Course will improve your English up to the best possible way.

Lecture # 1

Contents of Basic English Course

You know, our slogan is, “English is easy” and with the passage of time, you would experience that thing also. After giving training to thousands of students, I have come to the conclusion that if taught properly with specific techniques, English is very interesting, systematic and easy language.

In this Basic English Course, we shall try to improve the following things.

Vocabulary

Communication is of two types: verbal and nonverbal. In verbal communication, words are used while in nonverbal communication, instead of words, gestures, postures, facial expressions and other elements are used.

Nonverbal communication is, more or less, common in the whole world while vocabulary of every language is different.

In Basic English Course, vocabulary is of great importance, because, without words, we cannot express our thoughts and feelings to the other person.

Vocabulary is of three types:

Dead vocabulary

The words about which we know nothing are the dead words. E.g., if you did not listen to the word “drapes”, it is dead vocabulary for you as it is not in your mind.

Passive vocabulary

Some words are in your mind, but not on the tip of your tongue, are passive vocabulary items for you as you cannot use these words for your communication.

Active vocabulary

For effective speaking, active vocabulary is very important because, while speaking, we don’t have more time to think, and then speak. So, active vocabulary means the words which are on the tip of your tongue.

Sentence structures in Basic English Course

In this Basic English course, we are going to learn more than hundred sentence structures, also called syntactic structures which are very important for fluent and correct for all the four basic skill- listening, speaking, reading and writing.

For Urdu and Hindi speakers, videos will also be very helpful to understand and practice the Basic English syntactic structures.

Pronunciation

How to utter sounds of different words and phrases is also included in our Basic English Course since it plays a very significant role in understanding the exact meaning of that word or phrase.

A teacher, expert in phonetics and phonology, can teach well about the minute details of pronunciation and I, Ajmal Dass Jaipal, am specialized in this field.

Role of stress in Basic English Course

The degree of force with which a syllable or word is spoken is called stress. English is stress timed language while Urdu and Hindi are syllable timed languages. By putting right stress on right syllable and words will communicate right meanings, while wrong stress can highly miscommunicate our point of view.

stress

Confidence

Some people can speak but they don’t have either confidence of English speaking or stage confidence. As far as philosophy of Basic English Course is concerned, it gives confidence to speak English both with people and on the stage as our slogan is “English is easy.”

Basic English Course improves soft skills

In our class of Basic English Course, we struggle to instill soft skills like positive thinking, positive attitude, stress management, anger management, and many other topics related to this are also discussed in the class. So, these soft skills are of core value in this regard.

Lecture # 2

English is a language. Basically, it is the main language of England, America, Ireland, New Zealand and more than fifty countries. Interestingly, there are over 400 million people who speak this language as their native language and over one million people speak it as a second language. So, it is very important to lean English.

Conditions to learn Basic English Course

Did you ever think what conditions are required to learn Basic English course? I think your answer can be either yes or no. If your answer is yes or even no, it does not matter because we will learn the magical conditions of learning Basic English Course.

There are 8 conditions by which we can improve your Language.

Belief: [Birth of excellence]

Belief is the birth of excellence. When you have belief in your life, you can do anything what you want. If you want to learn any Language, belief plays major role there. Hence, you should work on your belief and when you work on it, definitely, you can improve.

Yes, I can do

A Chinese philosopher says that they can because they think, they can. If you are a beginner and want to learn Basic English Course, you must think, you can do.

Another philosophy that is prevailing is that I may do or not which leads you to uncertainty.

When you are not sure to do a specific thing, your energy will not be utilized at that level and you would not be able to enjoy the desired results.

Auto Suggestion and Basic English Course

If you want to learn Basic English Course, with yourself, you should talk which should be constructive, optimistic and positive. It can boost your confidence level therefore positive self-talk is very important.

Regular: [punctual]

When you want to learn English, you need to be punctual and regular. For instance, when you go to learn speaking in any academy or institute, you must go on time and should be regular not only in terms of going but also speaking.

Don’t feel shy

Don’t feel shy if you want to fly because shyness destroys your confidence level. If you want to become fluent in English, you are to destroy your shyness.

Practice: [makes a man permanent]

The most recommended condition of becoming fluent in English is practice because perfect practice makes a man who is perfect in that field.

Listen a lot in English

A good learner is a good listener and a good listener is a good speaker. If you want to learn English, listen a lot in English; it will work. Input equals to output.

Read aloud

If you want to become a fluent English speaker, you are to read aloud because it will increase your fluency in English. Along with this, this practice of reading aloud will also help you to improve your pronunciation and accent.

In a nutshell

To conclude the whole lecture of conditions to learn Basic English Course, we can say that everything is possible. The main thing is your intrinsic motivation to achieve that goal.

 

 

 

Lecture # 5, 6

Types of sentences in Basic English Course

Today, we shall learn regarding the types of sentence in English.

First of all, my question is,

“What is a sentence?” Do not fret if you don’t know about it. I am going to explain the actual meanings of a sentence. Those words which have complete meaning and sense are called sentences; and the major parts of a sentence are subject, verb and object. If a sentence has subject but doesn’t have verb, we don’t call it a sentence. Similarly if a sentence has a verb but doesn’t have subject, we cannot it a sentence also. Therefore, subject and verb are crucial and essential parts of a sentence.

In my point of view, most of the students think why we don’t use subjects in imperative sentences.

Don’t worry.

I shall give you the answer.

When we use imperative sentences, we consider that subject is in front of us. For instance, open the door”. In this sentence, I called a friend of mine and said, please open the door but I didn’t call his name.

Now, we shall discuss about the types of sentences in English.

There are five types of sentences in English grammar. We will talk about one by one.

Assertive sentences

The sentence which mentions a statement, opinion or event is called assertive statement; and it could be negative or positive; for example,

  1. He is a good student.
  2. He is a not good student

An assertive sentence ends with a full stop (.).

Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative sentence is used for asking questions: and that question could be positive or negative. For example:

  1. Do you understand?
  2. Do you not understand?
  3. Are you with me?
  4. Will you come at Falcon Computer Academy?

At the end of an interrogative sentence, we shall put a question mark (?).

There can be two ways: firstly, when we use auxiliary verbs, we actually want to get a confirmation from others and the answer of this type of questions could be in “yes” or “no”.

The other technique by which you can ask questions is by using question words or phrases; and that type of question wants to get complete information from others.

For example:

  1.  What is your name?
  2. When will you come?
  3. Where is your book?
  4. Whom do you support?

In the above questions, you are supposed to share complete information. But, when any person asks you, “Are you John? You can give answer in “yes” or “no”.

Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences are those sentences which are used to order, request, advice or forbidding. These start from base form of verb and end with full stop (.).

For example

  1. Go out. (order)
  2. Please close the door.            (request)
  3. Pay attention to your English. (Advice)
  4. Don’t disturb me.                      (Forbidden)

It could be positive or negative sentence.

Optative Sentences

Optative sentences are used for praying, cursing or wishing. These types of sentences mostly start from “may” or “would that” and it can also be +ve or –ve like the negative; and, at end of the sentence, rest of the sentences, we write full stop (.).   Would that were

For example:

  1. May you live long!                            (pray)
  2. May you lose hair!                           (curse)
  3. Would that you were a writer.        (Wish)

Exclamatory sentences

Exclamatory sentences describe strong feelings and emotions; it can be positive or negative; at an exclamatory mark (!) is put (written) at the end of the sentence.

For example

  1. How clever you are!
  2. Alas! She did not come back!
  3. Hurrah! We have reached there.
  4. What a nice boy Jim is!

Lecture # 7

How to ask questions

Now, we shall learn, in our Basic English course, how to ask questions from someone. When we learn any language, first of all, we should learn how to ask a question because asking a question is very important to begin any conversation.

Two ways to ask questions

There are two ways by which we can ask questions from someone.

Firstly, we can ask questions by using auxiliary verbs to interrogate, as a matter of fact; actually, we want confirmation from someone.

Secondly, we ask questions by using wh-family words namely, what, when, where, whom, whose, why, which and who as well as we can ask questions by H-family words likewise, how, how long, how far, how often, how much, how many and how come.

First of all, we shall discuss in our Basic English Course that how we ask questions by using WH-family words.

Lecture# 8

Wh- family

What                                        (object/idea/action)

We can use “what” as interrogative pronoun, objective, exclamatory and relative pronoun.

  1. Interrogative pronoun

‘What’ is used as interrogative pronoun whose structure is given below.

What + Aux + S + M.V + others words?

For Example:

  1. What do you do?
  2. What can you do?
  3. What should I drink?
  4. What do you want?
  5. What is your aim?
  6. What was he doing?
  7. What are you writing?
  8. What do you eat?
  9. What are you doing?
  10. What will you do?
  11. What as an adjective

We can use ‘what’ as adjective and structure of “what” as adjective is given below.

For example:

  1. What color do you like?
  2. What pencil did you buy?
  3. What car will you buy?
  4. What hotel is your favorite one?
  5. What book do you like?
  6. What class do you read in?
  7. What mobile does he use?
  8. What types of clothes do you wear?
  9. What dish did you like?
  • Relative pronoun

The third usage of “what” is relative conjunction or relative pronoun.

For example:

 S + Aux + M.V + What + S + Aux + M.V

I couldn’t understand what he taught.

I like what I do.

I didn’t read what you wrote.

This is what I want.

That’s what I am saying.

What + S + H.V + M.V + IS/ was

What you are doing is not good.

What you were writing was not clear.

What you taught was not correct.

What you are doing is not good for your health.

What you were thinking was not good.

  • What as Exclamation

We can use what as exclamatory sentence.

For Example:

What + a/ an +adjective + Noun

  1. What an honest person!
  2. What a great Man!
  3. What a beautiful palace!
  4. What a charming lady!
  5. What an idea!

Be Family (is, am, are, was, were) in Basic English Course

In our Basic English Course, we will learn the structures of be-family; we use is, am, are for present and was, were for past.

There are six structures of be-family

Now, we discuss each structure one by one.

1)   S + [be (is, am, are, was, were)] + O/C

It is the first structure of be-family, and it is used for giving information about subject like name, age, gender, relation, profession, and quality etc.

  1. I am Danish.
  2. I am twenty years old.
  3. He is a boy.
  4. Jim and John are my siblings.
  5. He was a doctor.
  6. Chandan was a good boy.
  7. They are students.
  8. The weather was awesome.
  9. Hamah and Sunny were handsome.
  10. The color of the car is black.

2)   S + be family +to +V1+ O

Now we examine the second structure of be-family, and we can use that structure to show intention.

  1. I am to take tea.
  2. You are to pass the exam.
  3. We are to learn English.
  4. He is to fight with them.
  5. Ali is to go abroad.
  6. He was to go to hospital.
  7. They were to play in the ground.
  8.  I was to attend the class.
  9.  I am to send a message to you.
  10.  She is to buy a car.
  11.  They were to go to the university.
  12.  I am to pass the IELTS exam.

3)   O + be family + to be + V3 + by + A

This structure is also used for showing intension and it is passive structure of previous second structure.

The question is that, “What is the meaning of passive?

So, I will give you the answer. Passive is a structure in which we give importance to the object and we use objects in the start of the sentences.

  1. Room is to be cleaned.
  2. I am to be taught.
  3. Red pencil is to be used.
  4. Drama was to be performed.
  5. Mephistopheles was to be beaten.
  6. John was to be arrested.
  7. Exams were to be conducted.
  8. Cars are to be washed.
  9. Food is to be served.
  10. Newspapers are to be sold.

4)   S + be family +V4 +O

The fourth structure of be-family is very important in our Basic English Course. The action is progressive or going on right now or the action was going on or progressive in past. When we observe, the action is in progressive on right now then, we can use “is, am, and are” and fourth form of verb.

If we observed, the action was progressive in past then we can use was, were with fourth form of principal verb.

  1. I am watching T.V.
  2. He is reading my book.
  3. They are driving cars.
  4. They were watching cartoons.
  5. Ellen was playing hockey in the ground.
  6. We are learning English.
  7. The fan is turning.
  8. They were washing clothes.
  9. Imran khan is giving speech.
  10.  I am taking a bath.

5)   O + be family + being + V3 +by + A

It is the passive of the previous structure; and in passive, we give preference to doer of an action that’s why we put the doer which is also called agent in the last.

  1. The books are being read.
  2. The newspapers are being sold.
  3. T.V is being watched.
  4. Room was being cleaned.
  5. Food was being served.
  6. Lectures were being conducted.
  7. Exams are being held.
  8. One billion dollar is being distributed.
  9. Thief is being caught.
  10. Protest was being recorded.

O + be + V3 + by + A

This is the most important structure in our Basic English Course and it is passive voice structure.

When we discuss about habit of any person, animal and nature or repeated actions then we follow the structure of is, am, or are and third form of verb.

If we want to tell about the past activity (one time activity in past), we use was, or were and third form of verb (past participate form).

  1. Programs are conducted every year.
  2. Lecture is delivered daily.
  3. English is used everywhere.
  4. Food is cooked by mom.
  5. Holy Quran is recited every morning.
  6. T.V was repaired.
  7. Room was cleaned.
  8. Fishes were caught.
  9. Computer was operated upon.
  10.  Football was played.

Has, Have, Had in Basic English Course

There are six structures of has, have, had in our Basic English course. Has and have are used for present, has is used for singular objects and have is used for plural subjects. “Had” is the past form of “has” and “have” and it can be used for both singular and plural subjects.

S + has/have/had + O

When we want to tell possession of someone on any object, we can use this structure.

  1. I have a mobile.
  2. You have a car.
  3. We have lots of books.
  4. He has beautiful eyes.
  5. I have seven siblings.
  6. We had toys.
  7. We had school bags.
  8. She had lots of money.
  9. I had a little dog.
  10. He had a pencil.

S + has/have/had + V3 + O

This structures gives us the sense of completion in the present and past .

  1. We have written an essay.
  2. We have attended three lectures.
  3. I have done my degree.
  4. She has done his job.
  5. Danish has finished three articles.
  6. He had gone to America.
  7. The train had left.
  8. Ali had written a book.
  9. She had performed well.
  10. They had cooked food

O + has/have/had + been + V3 + by + A

In this structure, we will give preference to object because this structure is the passive of previous structure. So, we give preference to object in passive voice.

  1. The job had been given to Mr. Ali.
  2. The article had been written by Jim Rohn.
  3. Rooms had been cleaned.
  4. Talking had been completed.
  5. Car had been washed.
  6. Lectures have been delivered.
  7. Roads have been repaired.
  8. Class had been started.
  9. Speaking has been improved.
  10. Communication skills have been improved.

S + Has to/ Have to / Had to/ + V1 + O

This structure shows the completion of that work which we don’t like to do in present or past but we have to do.

  1. I have to get early.
  2. She has to go to university.
  3. They have to do work.
  4. I have to go gym.
  5. I have to study a lot.
  6. I have to drop children to school.
  7. I have to cooperate with her.
  8. I had to go to university.
  9. She had to live alone.
  10. We had to arrange party.

O + has to/ have to/ had it + be + V3 + by + A

This structure shows the completion of that work which we don’t like to do in present or past but we have to do. This is basically the passive form of previous structure.

  1. Room has to be cleaned
  2. English has to be spoken.
  3. IELTS has to be given.
  4. The whole country has to be closed.
  5. Food has to be cooked.
  6. Admission has to be closed.

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